βαίνω

βαίνω (inf.
A

βαίμεναι Hsch.

), [tense] fut.

βήσομαι Il.2.339

, etc., [dialect] Dor.

βᾱσεῦμαι Theoc.2.8

, etc.: [tense] pf.

βέβηκα Il.15.90

, etc., [dialect] Dor.

βέβᾱκα Pi.I.4(3).41

, etc., with shortd. forms

βεβάᾱσι Il.2.134

, [var] contr.

βεβᾶσι A.Pers. 1002

(lyr.), Eu.76, etc.; subj. βεβῶσι ([etym.] ἐμ-) Pl.Phdr.252e; inf.

βεβάμεν Il.17.359

,

βεβάναι E.Heracl.610

(lyr.); part.

βεβαώς, -αυῖα Il.14.477

, Hom.Epigr.15.10, [var] contr. βεβώς: [tense] plpf.

ἐβεβήκειν Il.11.296

, etc., [dialect] Ep.

βεβήκειν 6.495

; sync. [ per.] 3pl.

βέβᾰσαν 17.286

, etc.: [tense] aor. 2

ἔβην Il. 17.112

, etc., [dialect] Dor.

ἔβᾱν Pi.O.13.97

, etc.; [dialect] Ep. [ per.] 3sg.

βῆ Il.13.297

, [dialect] Ep. [ per.] 3dual βάτην [ᾰ] 1.327, [ per.] 3pl.

ἔβαν A.Pers.18

(lyr.), ([etym.] κατ-) S.Tr.504 (lyr.), [dialect] Ep.

βάν Il.20.32

; imper. βῆθι, [dialect] Dor.

βᾶθι S.Ph.1196

(lyr.); βᾱ in compds. ἔμβα, κατάβα, etc., [ per.] 2pl.

βᾶτε A.Supp.191

, Eu.1033 (lyr.); subj. βῶ, [dialect] Ep. [ per.] 3sg. βήῃ ([etym.] ὑπερ-) Il.9.501,

βήω 6.113

,

ἐμ-βέῃ GDI5075.4

(Cret.), [dialect] Dor. βᾶμες (for βῶμεν) Theoc.15.22; opt. βαίην; inf. βῆναι ([dialect] Att. Prose only in compds.), [dialect] Ep.

βήμεναι Od.19.296

, [dialect] Dor.

βᾶμεν Pi.P.4.39

; part. βάς βᾶσα βάν, [dialect] Dor. pl.

ἐκ-βῶντας Th.5.77

:— [voice] Med., [dialect] Ep.[tense] aor.1 ἐβήσετο ([etym.] ἀπ-) Il.1.428:—[voice] Pass., [tense] pres. (v. infr.A.11.1): in compds., [tense] aor. ἀν-, παρ-, ξυν-εβάθην, X.Eq.3.4, Th.3.67, 4.30; later

παρ-εβάνθην D.C.48.2

,al.; ἀνα-, παρα-, ξυμ-βέβᾰμαι, X.Eq.Mag.1.4, Th.1.123, 8.98;

παρα-βέβασμαι D.17.12

: [tense] fut. παρα-βαθήσομαι Sch.E. Hec.802.—For the [voice] Act. [tense] fut. and [tense] aor. 1, v. infr. B; for [tense] pres. part. βιβάς, v. βίβημι.—In correct [dialect] Att. Prose the [tense] pres. βαίνω is almost the only tense in use; but in compds. Prose writers used all tenses freely.
A in the above tenses,
I intr., walk, step, prop. of motion on foot,

ποσὶ βήσετο Il.5.745

, etc.; but also of all motion on ground, the direction being commonly determined by a Prep.:—the kind of motion is often marked by a part., βῆ φεύγων, βῆ ἀΐξασα, Il.2.665
, 4.74: c. part. [tense] fut., denoting purpose, βῆ ῥ' Ἶσον . . ἐξεναρίξων he went to slay, Il.11.101: with neut. Adj. as Adv.,

σαῦλα ποσὶν β. h.Merc.28

;

ἁβρὸν β. παλλεύκῳ ποδί E.Med.1164

, cf. 830 (lyr.); ἴσα or ὁμοίως β. τινί, D.19.314, X.Eq.1.3;

ἐν ποικίλοις β. A.Ag.936

, cf. 924; march or dance, μετὰ ῥυθμοῦ, ἐν ῥυθμῷ, Th.5.70, Pl.Lg.670b: freq. c. inf. in Hom., βῆ δ' ἰέναι set out to go, went his way, Il.4.199, etc.;

βῆ δ' ἴμεν 5.167

, etc.; βῆ δὲ θέειν started to run, 2.183, etc.;

βῆ δ' ἐλάαν 13.27

: c. acc. loci,

νέας Od.3.162

, cf. S.OT153 (lyr.), OC378; ἐπὶ νηὸς ἔβαινεν was going on board ship, Od.11.534; but

ἐν δὲ ἑκάστῃ [νηῒ] . . ἑκατὸν καὶ εἴκοσι βαῖνον

were on board,

Il.2.510

; ἐφ' ἵππων βάντες having mounted the chariot, 18.532; ἐπὶ πώλου βεβῶσα mounted on . . , S.OC313;

ἐς δίφρον Il.5.364

;

ἐς ἅρματα E.El.320

; βαίνειν δι' αἵματος wade in blood, Id.Ph. 20.
2 in [tense] pf., stand or be in a place,

χῶρος ἐν ᾧ βεβήκαμεν S.OC52

; βεβηκὼς σφόδρα firmly poised (opp. κρεμάμενος) Pl.Ti.62c; β. μάχη steady fight,
Plu.Phil.9: freq. almost, = εἰμί (sum), εὖ βεβηκώς on a good footing, well established, prosperous, [

θεοὶ] εὖ βεβηκότας ὑπτίους κλίνουσ' Archil.56.3

;

τυραννίδα εὖ βεβηκυῖαν Hdt.7.164

, cf. S.El.979; εὖ βίου βεβηκότα prob. for

ἐν βίῳ βεβιωκότα Nicom.

Com.2;

ἀσφαλέως βεβηκὼς ποσσί Archil.58.4

;

ἐπισφαλῶς βεβ. LXX Wi.4.4

;

ἄγαλμα βεβηκὸς ἄνω τὰ κάτω δὲ κεχηνός Eub.107.23

; οἱ ἐν τέλει ἐόντες, βεβῶτες, they who arein office, Hdt.9.106, S.Ant.67; τοῦτον οὐχ ὁρῇς ὅκως βέβη-[κεν] ἀνδριάντα; Herod.4.36; [

λίθους] ἐν ταῖς ἰδίαις χώραις βεβηκότας IG7.3073.163

(Lebad.);

ἐν κακοῖς βεβ. S.El.1057

; μοίρᾳ οὐκ ἐν ἐσθλᾷ β. ib.1095 (lyr.); βοῦς, κλεὶς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ βέβηκεν, v. βοῦς IV,

κλείς 4

;

φρόνει βεβὼς ἐπὶ ξυροῦ τύχης S.Ant.996

.
b Geom. of figures, stand on a base,

ἐπί τινος Arist.IA709a24

, cf. Apollon.Perg.Con.3.3;

πυραμὶς ἐπὶ τετραγώνου βεβηκυῖα Hero

*Stereom.1.31; of an angle, stand on an arc,
ἐπί τινος, πρός τινι, Euc.3Def.9, cf. 16.26.
c βεβηκὼς ῥυθμός stately rhythm, Syrian.in Hermog.1p.69R.; ἀνάπαυσις ib.p.18 R.
3 go away, depart,

ἐν νηυσὶ φίλην ἐς πατρίδ' Il.12.16

; ἔβαν ἄγοντες, ἔβαν φέρουσαι, have gone and taken away, 1.391, 2.302;

ἄφαρ βέβακεν S.Tr. 134

;

θανάσιμος βέβηκεν Id.OT959

, cf. 832;

βεβᾶσι φροῦδοι E.IT1289

; βέβηκα euphem. for τέθνηκα, A.Pers.1002 (lyr.); of things, ἐννέα ἐνιαυτοὶ βεβάασι nine years have come and gone, Il.2.134; πῇ ὅρκια βήσεται; ib.339, cf. 8.229.
4 come,

τίπτε βέβηκας; 15.90

; arrive, S.OT81, Aj.921.
5 go on, advance, ἐς τόδε τόλμης, ἐς τοσοῦτον ἐλπίδων, Id.OT125,772;

ἐπ' ἔσχατα Id.OC217

(lyr.).
6 c. part. as periphr. for [tense] fut.,

βαίνω καταγγέλλων PMag.Par.1.2474

.
II c. acc., mount, Hom. only in [tense] aor. [voice] Med.

βήσασθαι δίφρον Il.3.262

, Od.3.481
: in [voice] Act. ([tense] fut. part. [voice] Med.

βησόμενος Them.Or.21.248b

), of the male, mount, cover, Pl.Phdr.250e, Achae.28, Arist.HA575a13, etc.:—in [voice] Pass., ἵπποι βαινόμεναι brood mares, Hdt.1.192.
2 c. acc. cogn.,

β. Δωρίαν κέλευθον ὕμνων Pi.Fr.191

;

Καλλαβίδας Eup.163

; ἔβα ῥόον went down stream, i.e. died,
Theoc.1.140.
b metaph. of metre, scan, D.H.Comp.21 ([voice] Pass.), Aristid. Quint.1.23,24, etc.;

βαίνεται τὸ ἔπος

is scanned,

Arist.Metaph.1093a30

.
3 χρέος ἔβα με debts came on me, Ar.Nu.30;

ὀδύνα μ' ὀδύνα βαίνει E.Hipp.1371

(lyr.).
4 Poet. with acc. of the instrument of motion,

βαίνειν πόδα E.El.94

, 1173 (lyr.).
5 βαίνειν· φιλεῖν, κολακεύειν, Hsch.
B Causal, in [tense] fut. βήσω, ([etym.] ἐπι-) Il.8.197, ([etym.] εἰς-) E.IT742: [tense] aor. 1 ἔβησαmake to go, φῶτας βῆσεν ἀφ' ἵππων he made them dismount, Il.16.810; ἀμφοτέρους ἐξ ἵππων βῆσε κακῶς he brought them down from the chariot in sorry plight, 5.164;

ὄφρα βάσομεν ὄκχον Pi.O. 6.24

.—Rare in Trag. (exc. in compds.), E.Med.209 (lyr.).—The simple Verb is uncommon in later Gr. (For βάμ-yω, cf. Lat. venio, Skt. gamyáte; βάσκω corresponds to Skt. gácchati (g[uglide]ṃ-sk-); root g[uglide]em- in OHG. quëman 'come'; ἔβην, βήσομαι fr. root g[uglide]ā-, Skt. jigāti, [tense] aor. ágāt.)

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • βαίνω — walk pres subj act 1st sg βαίνω walk pres ind act 1st sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνω — (μόνο σε στερεότυπες εκφράσεις όπως όλα βαίνουν [πηγαίνουν] καλώς) …   Τα ρήματα της νέας ελληνικής

  • βαίνω — (AM βαίνω) προχωρώ νεοελλ. εξελίσσομαι, φέρομαι («βαίνει προς βελτίωσιν») αρχ. μσν. βαδίζω, περπατώ μσν. 1. περνώ, διαβαίνω 2. προπορεύομαι αρχ. Ι. 1. ανεβαίνω («ἐπὶ νηός ἔβαινεν», «ἐφ ἵππων βάντες», «ἐπί πῶλον βεβῶσα», «βήσασθαι δίφρον») 2.… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • βαῖνον — βαίνω walk pres part act masc voc sg βαίνω walk pres part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk imperf ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) βαίνω walk imperf ind act 1st sg (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνετον — βαίνω walk pres imperat act 2nd dual βαίνω walk pres ind act 3rd dual βαίνω walk pres ind act 2nd dual βαίνω walk imperf ind act 2nd dual (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἔβαν — βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (epic) ἔβᾱν , βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (doric) βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (epic) ἔβᾱν , βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνετε — βαίνω walk pres imperat act 2nd pl βαίνω walk pres ind act 2nd pl βαίνω walk imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνῃ — βαίνω walk pres subj mp 2nd sg βαίνω walk pres ind mp 2nd sg βαίνω walk pres subj act 3rd sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βάν — βαίνω walk aor part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (epic) βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (epic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βῆσαν — βαίνω walk aor part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βῆσον — βαίνω walk aor imperat act 2nd sg βαίνω walk fut part act masc voc sg βαίνω walk fut part act neut nom/voc/acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.